Today is the 312th day of the year, with only 53 days remaining until the new year.
1519 - Hernan Cortez enter Tenochtitlan and Aztec ruler Moctezuma, welcomes him with a great celebration.
1793 - In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre, to the public as a museum.
1861 - The USS San Jacinto, stops the United Kingdom mail ship Trent, and arrests two Confederate envoys, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the two nations.
1889 - Montana is admitted as the 41st state to the United States.
1895 - While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Rontgen discovers the x-ray.
1917 - The People's Commissars give authority to Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Joseph Stalin.
1923 - In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government, known as the Beer Hall Putsch.
1933 - Franklin Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
1939 - In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes the assassination attempt of Georg Elser while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch.
1950 - United States Air force Lt. Russell J. Brown while piloting an F-80 Shooting Star, shoots down two North Korean MiG-15s in the first jet-to-jet dogfight in history.
1960 - John F. Kennedy defeats Richard M. Nixon, in one of the closest presidential elections of the twentieth century to become the 35th President of the United States.
1965 - The 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong in Operation Hump during the Vietnam War.
1966 - Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke, becomes the first African-American elected to the United States Senate since Reconstruction.
1966 - President Lyndon Johnson signs into law, an antitrust exemption, allowing the National Football League to merge with the American Football league.
1973 - The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay $2.9 million.
2004 - More than 10,000 United States troops and a small number of Iraqi army units, participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.