Today is the 323rd day of the year with only 42 days remaining.
1095 - The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land begins.
1794 - The United States and kingdom of Great Britain sign Jay's Treaty. This attempts to resolve some of the lingering problems left over from the American Revolutionary War.
1863 - President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the military cemetery
ceremony in Pennylvania.
1916 - Samuel Goldwyn and Edger Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures.
1930 - Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow commit their first robbery, the first in a long series of criminal acts.
1943 - Nazis liquidate Janowska concentration cap in Lemberg, western Ukraine. They murder at least 6,000 Jews after a failed uprising and mass escape attempt.
1944 - Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
1950 - General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe.
1959 - The Ford Motor Company announces the discontinuation of the unpopular Edsel automobile.
1969 - Apollo 12 astronauts Pete Conrad and Alan Bean land at Oceanus Procellarum and become the third and fourth humans to walk on the moon.
1969 - Soccer player Pele, scores his 1,000th goal.
1985 - In Geneva, President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time.
1985 - Pennzoil wins a $10.53 billion judgment against Texaco, in the largest verdict in history, stemming from Texaco executing a contract to buy Getty Oil after Pennzoil had entered into an unsigned, yet still binding, buyout contract with Getty.
1990 - Pop group Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award because the duo did not sing on the Girl You Know It's True album. Sessions musicians had provided all the vocals.
1998 - The United States Hose of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton.
1998 - Vincent van Gogh's, Potrait of the Artist Without Beard, sells at auction for $71.5 million.