Today is the 311th day of the year, with only 54 days remaining until the new year.
1665 - The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published.
1775 - John Murray, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, starts the first mass emancipation of slaves by issuing Lord Dunmore's Offer, which offers freedom to slaves who abandoned their colonial masters in order to fight with him and the British government.
1811 - The Battle of Tippecanoe is fought, near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana.
1874 - A cartoon by Tomas Nast in Harper's Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.
1908 - Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia.
1910 - The first air freight shipment from Dayton, Ohio to Columbus, Ohio, is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
1916 - Jeannette Rankin is the first woman elected to the United States Congress.
1918 - An influenza epidemic, spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 people by the end of the year, almost 20% of the population.
1933 - Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
1941 - The Soviet hospital ship Armenia is sunk by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimean hospitals. It is estimated that over 5,000 people perish.
1944 - President Franklin Roosevelt is elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States.
1967 - Carl B. Stokes, is elected as Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. He becomes the first African-American major of a major American city.
1991 - Basketball player Magic Johnson, announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the National Basketball Association.
2000 - The Drug Enforcement Administration, discovers one of the country's largest LSD labs, inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas.