It is the 332nd day of the year, with only 33 days remaining until the end of the year.
1095 - On the last day of the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II decides to appoint Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy and Count Raymond IV of Toulouse to lead the First Crusade to the Holy Land.
1582 - In Straford-upon-Avon, William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway pay a 40 pound bond for their marriage license.
1729 - Natchez Indians massacre 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women and 56 children at Fort Rosalie, near the site of modern-day Natchez, Mississippi.
1814 - The Times, in London, is for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Keonig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience.
1862 - In the Battle of Cane Hill, Union troops under General John Blunt defeat General John Marmaduke's Confederates.
1895 - The first American automobile race takes place over 54 miles from Chicago's Jackson Park to Evanston, Illinois. Frank Duryea wins in approximately 10 hours.
1919 - Lady Astor is elected as a Member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. She is the first woman to sit on the House of Commons.
1943 - President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, meet in Tehran, Iran to discuss war strategy.
1984 - Over 250 years after their deaths, William Penn and his wife Hannah Callowhill Penn are made Honorary Citizens of the United States.
1991 - South Ossetia declares independence from Georgia.