It is the 333rd day of the year. with only 32 days remaining until the end of the year.
1777 - San Jose, California is founded as Pueblo de San Jose de Guadalupe. It is the first civilian settlement in Alta California.
1781 - The crew of the British slave ship Zong, murders 133 Africans by dumping them into the sea in order to claim insurance.
1864 - Colorado volunteers led by Colonel John Chivington massacre at least 150 Cheyenne and Arapaho noncombatants inside Colorado Territory. It is known as the Sand Creek Massacre.
1877 - Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph for the first time.
1890 - At West Point, New York, the Naval Academy defeats the Military Academy by a score of 24 to 0 in the first Army-Navy football game.
1910 - The first U.S. patent for inventing the traffic light system is issued to Ernest E. Sirrine.
1922 - After a long and arduous journey, Howard Carter decides to open the tomb of Pharoah Tutankhamun to the public.
1929 - U.S. Admiral Richard Byrd, becomes the first person to fly over the South Pole.
1934 - The Chicago Bears defeat the Detroit Lions 19 to 16, in the first nationally broadcast game.
1961 - Mercury-Atlas 5 Mission occurs, and Enos, a chimpanzee is launched into space. The spacecraft orbited the Earth twice and splashed-down off the coast of Puerto Rico.
1963 - President Lyndon B. Johnson, establishes the Warren Commission in order to investigate the assassination of JFK.
1972 - Nolan Bushnell, the co-founder of Atari, releases Pong, the first commercially successful video game, in Andy Capp's Tavern in Sunnyvale, California.