Monday, November 21, 2011

21st of November

It is the 325th day of the year, with only 40 days remaining.

164 BC - Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem.  This event is commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.

1620 - Plymouth Colony settlers sign the Mayflower Compact.

1789 - North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12th U.S. state.

1861 - Confederate President Jefferson Davis, appoints Judah Benjamin his Secretary of War.

1877 - Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can play and record sound.

1905 - Albert Einstein's paper is finally published by the Annalen der Physik.   It reveals the relationship between energy and mass, leading to the equivalence formula E=mc².

1920 - In Dublin, 31 people are killed in what became known as "Bloody Sunday."  This included fourteen British informants, fourteen Irish civilians, and three Irish Republican Army prisoners.

1922 - Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first female United States Senator.

1970 - A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American prisoners of war thought to be held there, in what is known a Operation Ivory Coast.

1980 - A deadly fire breaks out at the MGM Grand Hotel in Paradise, Nevada, now Bally's Las Vegas.  87 people are killed and more than 650 are injured in the worst disaster in Nevada history.

1985 - United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard is arrested for spying after being caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations.  He is subsequently sentenced to life in prison.

1986 - National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary start to shred documents implicating them in the sale of weapon to Iran an channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.

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