It is the 318th day of the year, with only 46 days remaining until the new year.
1532 - Commanded by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistadors under Hernando de Soto meet Inca leader Atahualpa for the first time, arranging a meeting on the city plaza the following day.
1533 - Francisco Pizzaro arrives in Cuzco, the capital of the Incan Empire.
1791 - The first U.S. Catholic college, Georgetown University, opens its doors.
1859 - The first modern revival of the Olympic Games takes place in Athens, Greece.
1864 - Union General William Tecumseh Sherman, burns Atlanta, Georgia and begins his famous March to the Sea.
1920 - First assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva, Switzerland.
1939 - In Washington, D.C., Franklin Roosevelt lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial.
1942 - This marks the first flight of the Heinkel He 219, German aircraft.
1943 - German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies are to be put on the same level as Jews and sent to concentration camps.
1949 - Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Ghandi.
1968 - The U.S. Air Force launches Operation Commando Hunt, a large-scale bombing campaign against the Ho Chi Minh trail.
1969 - In Columbus, Ohio, Dave Thomas opens the first Wendy's restaurant.
1971 - Intel releases the world's first commercial single-chip microprocessor, the 4004.
2007 - Cyclone Sidr hit Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5,000 people and destroyed the world's largest mangrove forest, Sundarbans.