It is the 328th day of the year, with only 37 days remaining until the new year.
1835 - The Texas Provincial Government authorizes the creation of a horse-mounted police force called the Texas Rangers.
1859 - Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species, the anniversary of what is sometimes called, Evolution Day.
1864 - Near Chattanooga, Tennessee, Union forces under U.S. Grant capture Lookout Mountain and begin to break the Confederate siege of the city led by General Braxton Bragg.
1932 - In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory officially opens.
1943 - The USS Liscome Bay, is torpedoed near Tarawa and sinks, killing 650 men.
1944 - The first bombing raid against the Japanese capital of Tokyo, from the east and by land is carried out by 88 American aircraft.
1950 - A violent snowstorm, paralyzes the northeastern United States and the Appalachians, bringing winds up to 100 mph and sub-zero temperatures. Pickens, West Virginia alone, records 57 inches of snow, and 323 people die as a result of this storm.
1963 - Lee Harvey Oswald is murdered by Jack Ruby in the basement of the Dallas police department headquarters. The shooting just happens to be broadcast on live television.
1969 - The Apollo 12 command module splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the mission and declaring it a success.
1971 - During a severe thunderstorm over Washington state, a hijacker calling himself D. B. Cooper, parachutes from a Northwest Orient Airlines plane with $200,000 in random money. He has never been found.
1974 - Donald Johanson and Tom Gray, discover the 40% complete, Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, nicknamed Lucy, in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia.