It is the 308th day of the year, with only 57 days remaining until the new year.
1864 - Confederate troops bombard a Union supply base and destroy millions of dollars in material at the Battle of Johnsonville.
1921 - the Sturmabteilung or the SA a paramilitary group is formed by Adolf Hitler.
1922 - In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
1942 - Disobeying a direct order from Adolf Hitler, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, leads his forces on a five-month retreat.
1952 - The United States government establishes the National Security Agency.
1960 - At the Kasakela Chimpanzee Community in Tanzania, Dr. Jane Goodall, observes chimpanzees creating tools, the first ever observation in non-human animals.
1970 - The United States turns control o the Binh Thu Ar Base in the Mekong Delta, over to South Vietnam.
1994 - First conference that focuses exclusively on the subject of the commercial potential of the World Wide Web.
2008 - Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President of the United States.