It is the 282nd day of the year, with 83 days remaining until the new year.
1604 - The most recent supernova is observed in the Milky Way galaxy.
1635 - Founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, as a religious dissident after he speaks out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
1701 - The Collegiate School of Connecticut, later renamed Yale, is chartered in Old Saybrook.
1820 - Guayaquil declares its independence from the Spanish Empire.
1861 - Union troops repel a Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens, as the Battle of Santa Rosa Island.
1864 - Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces during the Battle off Tom's Brook.
1888 - The Washington Monument opens to the general public.
1919 - The Cincinnati Reds win the World Series, and begins the event known as the Black Sox scandal.
1936 - Generators at Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam), begin to generate electricity, from the Colorado River and transmits it 266 miles to Los Angeles, California.
1940 - During a night-time air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul's Cathedral in the City of London, England is hit by a bomb.
1945 - Parade in New York City for Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, and 13 Navy men and Marines who are Medal of Honor recipients.
1967 - A day after being captured, Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara, is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.
1986 - The musical, Phantom of the Opera, has its first performance at Her Majesty's Theater in London.
1989 - An official news agency in the Soviet Union reports the landing of a UFO in Voronezh.
1992 - A 13 kilogram fragment of a meteorite, lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family's 1980 Chevrolet Malibu.
1999 - This date marks the last flight of the SR-71 Blackbird.
2006 - North Korea allegedly tests its first nuclear device.