It is the 287th day of the year and there are only 78 day remaining.
1066 - In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeat the English army and kill Harold II of England.
1322 - Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence.
1586 - Mary, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England.
1863 - At the Battle of Bristoe Station occurs, when Confederate troops under the command of General Robert E. Lee fail to drive the Union Army completely out of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
1867 - The 15th and the last military Shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate resigns in Japan, returning his power to the Emperor of Japan and thence to the re-established civil government of Japan.
1884 - The American inventor, George Eastman, receives a U.S. Government patent on his new paper-strip photographic film.
1908 - The Chicago Cubs defeat the Detroit Tigers, by a score of 2 to 0, clinching the World Series. It would be their last one to date.
1910 - The English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman Aircraft biplane on Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, D.C.
1912 - While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the former President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, is shot and mildly wounded by John Schrank, a mentally-disturbed saloon keeper. With the fresh wound in his chest, and the bullet still there, Roosevelt still finishes his scheduled public speech.
1926 - The children's book Winnie the Pooh, by A.A. Milne, is first published.
1938 - The first flight of the Curtiss Aircraft P-40 Warhawk fighter plane.
1943 - Prisoners at the Nazi German extermination camp in Sobibor, Poland, revolt against their captors. They kill eleven SS guards, and wounding many more. About 300 of the camp's 600 prisoners escape, and about 50 end up surviving the end of the war.
1947 - Captain Chuck Yeager of the Air Force, flies a Bell X-1 rocket-powered experimental aircraft, faster than the speed of sound.
1958 - The American Atomic Energy Commission, with supporting military units, carries out an undergroun nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site.
1962 - An Air Force U-2 reconnaissance plane, flies over the island of Cuba and take photographs of Soviet missiles being installed and erected in Cuba.
1968 - The Department of Defense announces that the Army and Marine Corps, will send 24,000 soldiers back to Vietnam, for an involuntary second tour of duty.
1982 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.
2003 - Chicago Cubs fan Steve Bartman becomes infamously known as the scapegoat for the Cubs losing game 6 of the National League Championship Series to the Florida Marlins.