Today is the 299th day of the year, with only 66 days remaining until the new year.
1597 - Admiral Yi Sun-sin, routs the Japanese Navy of 300 ships with only 13 ships of his own at the Battle of Myeongnyang.
1775 - King George III, goes before Parliament, to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorizes a military response to quell it.
1776 - Benjamin Franklin departs America for France, on a mission to seek French support in the struggle for independence.
1825 - The Erie Canal opens, allowing passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie.
1881 - The famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral, takes place at Tombstone, Arizona.
1905 - Norway declares its independence from it's neighbor Sweden.
1917 - Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat at the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany, at the Battle of Caporetto. The young unknown Oberleutnant Erwin Rommel, captures Mount Matajur with only 100 Germans against a force of over 7,000 Italians.
1918 - Erich Ludendorff, quartermaster-general of the imperial German Army, is dismissed by Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany for refusing to cooperate in peace negotiations.
1936 - The first electric generator at Hoover Dam goes into full operation.
1940 - The P-51 Mustang, makes its maiden flight.
1944 - The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends with an overwhelming American victory.
1955 - Ngo Dinh Diem declares himself Premier of South Vietnam.
1958 - Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris, France.
1977 - The last natural case of smallpox is discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and CDC consider it the anniversary of the eradication of the disease and the most spectacular success of vaccination.
2001 - Congress passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law.
2003 - The Cedar Fire, the second-largest in California history, kills 15 people, consumer 250,000 acres, and destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego.