It is the 280th day of the year, with 85 days remaining until the end of the year.
1763 - British Royal Proclamation by George II, closes aboriginal lands in North America, north and west of the Alleghenies to white settlements.
1780 - American Patriot militia defeat Loyalist irregulars led by British colonel Patrick Ferguson in South Carolina, during the Battle of Kings Mountain.
1864 - The Battle of Darbytown Road, the Confederate forces' attempt to regain ground that had been lost around Richmond is thwarted.
1916 - Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland University 222-0 in the most lopsided college football game in American history.
1944 - An uprising at Birkenau concentration camp, where Jewish prisoners burn down the crematoria.
1959 - USSR probe Luna 3, transmits the first ever photographs of the far side of the moon.
1982 - Cats, opens on Broadway and runs for nearly 18 years before closing on September 10, 2000.
2001 - The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, begins with an air assault and covert operations on the ground.