Today is the 275th day of the year, and there are 90 days remaining until the end of the year.
1187 - Saladin captures the city of Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.
1780 - John Andre, a British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War is hanged as a spy.
1835 - Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
1864 - Union forces attack Saltville, Virginia but are defeated by Confederate troops.
1889 - In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great boom of the American Old West.
1919 - President Woodrow Wilson, suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed.
1925 - John logie Baird performs the first test of a working television system.
1941 - Germany begins an all-out offensive against Moscow, codenamed Operation Typhoon.
1950 - Peanuts, by Charles M. Schultz is first published.
1958 - Guinea declares its independence from the country of France.
1967 - Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice in United States History.
2002 - The Beltway sniper attacks begin, they will extend over a period of three weeks.
2006 - Five school girls are murdered by Charles Carl Roberts, in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania.