It is the 302nd day of the year, with only 63 days remaining until the new year.
1390 - It is the first trial for witchcraft in Paris, leading to the death of three people.
1618 - English adventurer and writer, Sir Walter Raleigh, is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.
1863 - Eighteen countries meeting in Geneva, agree to form the International Red Cross.
1863 - Forces under U.S. Grant repel a Confederate attack of General James Longstreet, at the Battle of Wauhatchie. This allows an open supply line into Chattanooga, Tennessee.
1901 - Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
1929 - The New York Stock Exchange crashes, in what would be called Black Tuesday, beginning the Great Depression.
1960 - In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay, later Muhammad Ali, wins his first professional fight.
1964 - A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat Star of India, is stolen by a group of thieves from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.
1969 - The first ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the internet.
1998 - Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the odlest person to go into space.
2004 - The Arabic news network Al Jazeera, broadcasts an excerpt from a video of Osama bin Laden, in which the terrorist leader first admits he is responsible for September 11, and makes reference to the upcoming election.