It is the 291st day of the year, with 74 days that are remaining.
1009 - The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the foundation down to bedrock.
1648 - Boston Shoemakers form the first United States labor organization.
1767 - A survey separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed and will be known as the Mason-Dixon line.
1851 - Herman Melville's Moby Dick, is first published in London under the title The Whale.
1867 - United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million.
1898 - The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico.
1925 - The Grand Ole Opry opens in Nashville, Tennessee.
1944 - Adolf Hitler orders the establishment of a German national militia.
1945 - The USSR's nuclear program receives plans for the United States plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
1954 - Texas Instruments, now known for their calculators, announces the first transistor radio.
1985 - The Nintendo Entertainment System is released. Super Mario Bros. was released, and largely responsible for the initial success of the system.
1991 - Azerbaijan declares its independence from the USSR.