Today is the 301st day of the year with 64 days remaining.
97 - Emperor Nerva is forced by the Praetorian Guard, to adopt general Marcus Ulpius Trajanus as his heir and successor.
1538 - The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomas de Aquino is established.
1636 - A vote of the Great and General Court, of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, establishes the first college in the United States.
1864 - The Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road occurs, Union forces under Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from that area of Virginia, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses of Richmond.
1886 - In New York Harbor, President Grover Cleveland, dedicates the Statue of Liberty.
1893 - Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Pethetique, is his last work. It receives its premiere performance in St. Petersburg, only nine days before his death.
1918 - Czechoslovakia is granted independence from Austria-Hungary. This marks the beginning of the independent state, after nearly 300 years.
1919 - The United States Congress, passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson's veto, paving the way for Prohibition to begin the next year.
1936 - Franklin Roosevelt rededicates the Statue of Liberty on its 50th Anniversary.
1965 - Construction of the St. Louis Arch is completed.