It is the 277th day of the year with only 88 days remaining.
1535 - The first complete English-language Bible is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale.
1582 - Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar.
1777 - During the Battle of Germantown, troops under George Washington are repelled by British troops under Sir William Howe.
1876 - Texas A&M University opens as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, becoming the first public institution of higher education in the state.
1883 - The first official run of the Orient Express, it would continue until 2009.
1895 - The first U.S. Open Men's Golf Championship, administered by the United States Golf Association is played at the Newport Country Club in Rhode Island.
1927 - Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting the great feat of Mount Rushmore.
1943 - The U.S. Armed Forces capture the Solomon Islands.
1957 - The launch of Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth.
1966 - Basutoland becomes independent from the United Kingdom and is renamed Lesotho.
1983 - Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of 633.468 mph (1,019 km/h), driving a Thrust 2 at the Black Rock Desert of Nevada.
1997 - The second largest cash robbery in U.S. history occurs at the Charlotte, North Carolina office of Loomis, Fargo, and Company. An FBI investigation eventually results in 24 convictions and the recovery of approximately 95% of the $17.3 million in cash which had been taken.