Today is the 296th day of the year, with 69 days remaining.
42 BC - At the Second Battle of Philippi, Mark Antony and Octavian decisively defeat Brutus' army. The former then commits suicide.
1812 AD - Claude Francois de Malet, a French General, begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he is now the Commandant of Paris.
1911 - This marks the first use of aircraft in war, as an Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines.
1929 - After a steady decline in stock market prices since one peak in September, the New York Stock Exchange begins to show signs of panic.
1944 - The Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval battle in history, begins in the Phillipines.
1946 - The United Nations General Assembly convenes for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York.
1965 - The 1st Cavalry Division, in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launches a new operation seeking to destroy enemy forces in Pleiku in the II Corps Tactical Zone.
1972 - A U.S. bombing campaign of North Vietnam, known as Operation Linebacker, ends after five months.
1992 - Emperor Akihito becomes the First Emperor of Japan to stand on Chinese soil.
2001 - Apple announces the production of the iPod.