It is the 295th day of the year, with only 70 days remaining.
1777 - American defenders of Fort Mercer on the Delaware River, repulse repeated Hessian attacks in the Battle of Red Bank.
1797 - 3,200 feet or 1000 meters above Paris, Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump.
1836 - Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
1883 - The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City, opens with a performance of Gounod's Faust.
1926 - J. Gordon Whitehead, sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
1934 - In East Liverpool, Ohio, Federal Bureau of Investigation agents, shoot and kill notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd.
1943 - In another firestorm raid, the Royal Air Force conducts an attack on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 people homeless.
1944 - The city of Aachen falls to American forces, after nearly three weeks of fighting, making it the first German city to fall into Allied hands.
1953 - Laos gains its independence from France.
1957 - This marks the first United States casualties in Vietnam.
1962 - President Kennedy announces that they have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he has order a naval quarantine of the Communist island.
1966 - The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain a Number 1 selling album.
1976 - Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that is causes tumors in the bladders of dogs.
2008 - India launches its first unmanned lunar mission, known as Chandrayaan-1.