Today is the 252nd day of the year, and there are 113 days remaining.
1000 - Olaf I of Norway dies. Many sagas have been written to showcase how instrumental he was in the forcible conversion of the Norse to Christianity.
1543 - Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots," in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
1739 - Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britain's mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.
1828 - Leo Tolstoy, the Russian writer of novels and short stories is born.
1839 - John Herschel, takes the first glass plate photograph.
1850 - California is admitted as the thirty-first state in the United States.
1850 - The Compromise of 1850, transfers a third of Texas' claimed territory, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming, to federal control in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas' pre-annexation debt.
1863 - The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
1915 - Albert Spalding, the founder of the company that bears his last name and is still very successful today, passes away at the age of 65.
1926 - The U.S. National Broadcasting Company is formed.
1940 - George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
1942 - A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon.
1943 - The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
1949 - Joe Theismann, quarterback in the National Football League, and known for his 12 seasons with the Washington Redskins, is born.
1956 - Elvis Presley appears on the Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
1969 - In Canada, the Official Languages Act comes into effect, making the French language equal to the English language throughout the Federal government.
1976 - Mao Zedong, the founding father of the People's Republic of China, a Communist, and held an authoritarian control over the nation, when he died at the age of 82.
1991 - Tajikstan gains independence from the former Soviet Union.
1999 - It is the beginning of the Y2K bug, and the official debut of the Dreamcast.
1999 - Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher with a 15-year baseball career, Catfish Hunter passes away at 53.