Thursday, September 8, 2011

8th of September

It is the 251st day of the year with only 114 days remaining.

70 - Roman forces under Titus, sack the city of Jerusalem.

1810 - The Tonquin sets sail from New York Harbor with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor's newly created Pacific Fur Company on board.  After a six-month journey around the tip of South America, the ship arrives at the mouth of Columbia River and Astor's men establish the fur-trading town of Astoria, Oregon.

1828 - Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain is born.  He is known for his service in the American Civil War as the Colonel of the 20th Maine, and for his gallantry at Gettysburg.

1841 - Charles J. Guiteau is born.  He is the American assassin who kills President James A. Garfield.

1863 - On the Texas-Louisiana border, at the mouth of the Sabine River, a small Confederate force thwarts a Union invasion of the state.

1888 - In London, the body of Jack the Ripper's second murder victim, Annie Chapman, is found.

1892 - The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited.

1914 - Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the First World War.

1921 - Margaret Gorman, a 16-year-old, wins the Atlantic City Pageant's Golden Mermaid trophy, she is then declared the first Miss America.

1941 - German forces begin a siege against the Soviet Union's second-largest city, Leningrad.

1943 - United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announces the Allied armistice with Italy.

1944 - London, England is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.

1962 - Newly independent Algeria, adopts a Constitution.

1968 - The Beatles perform their last live TV performance on the David Frost show.  They perform their new hit, "Hey Jude."

1974 - US President Gerald Ford, pardons former President Richard Nixon for any crimes he may have committed while in office.

1991 - The Republic of Macedonia becomes an independent nation from Yugoslavia.

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