It is the 251st day of the year with only 114 days remaining.
70 - Roman forces under Titus, sack the city of Jerusalem.
1810 - The Tonquin sets sail from New York Harbor with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor's newly created Pacific Fur Company on board. After a six-month journey around the tip of South America, the ship arrives at the mouth of Columbia River and Astor's men establish the fur-trading town of Astoria, Oregon.
1828 - Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain is born. He is known for his service in the American Civil War as the Colonel of the 20th Maine, and for his gallantry at Gettysburg.
1841 - Charles J. Guiteau is born. He is the American assassin who kills President James A. Garfield.
1863 - On the Texas-Louisiana border, at the mouth of the Sabine River, a small Confederate force thwarts a Union invasion of the state.
1888 - In London, the body of Jack the Ripper's second murder victim, Annie Chapman, is found.
1892 - The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited.
1914 - Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the First World War.
1921 - Margaret Gorman, a 16-year-old, wins the Atlantic City Pageant's Golden Mermaid trophy, she is then declared the first Miss America.
1941 - German forces begin a siege against the Soviet Union's second-largest city, Leningrad.
1943 - United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announces the Allied armistice with Italy.
1944 - London, England is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.
1962 - Newly independent Algeria, adopts a Constitution.
1968 - The Beatles perform their last live TV performance on the David Frost show. They perform their new hit, "Hey Jude."
1974 - US President Gerald Ford, pardons former President Richard Nixon for any crimes he may have committed while in office.
1991 - The Republic of Macedonia becomes an independent nation from Yugoslavia.