It is the 244th day of the year with only 121 days remaining until the end of the year.
Today is also the beginning of the ninth month of the year.
1532 - Lady Anne Boleyn is made Marquess of Pembroke by her fiance, King Henry VIII of England.
1715 - King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years, the longest of any major European monarch.
1772 - The Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa, is founded in San Luis Obispo, California.
1836 - Narcissa Whitman, one of the first English-speaking white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives in Walla Walla, Washington.
1862 - Confederate forces attack retreating Union troops during the Battle of Chantilly.
1864 - Confederate General John Bell Hood evacuates Atlanta, Georgia after a four-month siege by General William T. Sherman.
1875 - A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Pennsylvania Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires," to disband.
1878 - Emma Nutt becomes the world's first female telephone operator when she was recruited by Alexander Graham Bell to the Boston Telephone Dispatch Company.
1897 - The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
1902 - A Trip to the Moon, considered one of the first science fiction films, is released in France.
1914 - The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
1923 - The Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, Japan, killing about 105,000 people.
1939 - Nazi Germany invades Poland, beginning the war in Europe and soon creating a global conflict.
1939 - George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
1939 - The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross is also instituted.
1951 - The United States, Australia, and New Zealand, sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS treaty.
1972 - In Reykjavik, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky and becomes the world chess champion.
1974 - The SR-71 Blackbird sets the record for flying from New York to London in the time of 1 hour, 54 minutes, and 56.4 seconds.
1979 - The American space probe Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn, when it passes the planet at a distance of 21,000 kilometers.
1985 - A joint American-French expedition locates the wreckage of the RMS Titanic.
1991 - Uzbekistan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.