Today is the 254th day of the year, with only 111 days remaining.
It is usually the first day of the year in the Coptic calendar and Ethiopian calendar in the period from 1900 to 2099.
1297 - Scots jointly-led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray, defeat the English at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.
1609 - Henry Hudson discovers Manhattan Island and the indigenous people that are living there.
1777 - The British celebrate a major victory in Chester County, Pennsylvania during the Battle of Brandywine.
1789 - Alexander Hamilton is appointed the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.
1813 - British troops arrive in Mount Vernon and prepare to march and invade Washington, D.C.
1847 - Stephen Foster's well-known song Oh! Susanna, is first performed at a saloon in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1913 - Paul "Bear" Bryant is born. He is an American college football coach, well-known as the head coach for 25-years at the University of Alabama.
1940 - In a demonstration to the American Mathematical Society conference at Dartmouth College. George Stibitz uses a teletype to send commands to the Complex Number Calculator in New York over telephone lines. It was the first computing machine ever used remotely over a phone line.
1943 - It is the start of the liquidation of the ghettos in Minsk and Lida by the Nazis.
1944 - Royal Air Force bombing raids on Darmstadt and the following firestorm kill 11,500.
1978 - President Jimmy Carter, Anwar Sadat, and Menachem Begin meet at Camp David and agree on the Camp David Accords, a framework for peace between Israel and Egypt and a comprehensive peace in the Middle East.
1985 - Pete Rose breaks Ty Cobb's baseball record for most career hits with his 4,192nd hit.
2001 - The September 11 attacks take place in the United States. Airplane hijackings result in the collapse of the World Trade Centers and other buildings in New York City, damage to the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, and the crashing of a passenger airliner near Shanksville, Pennsylvania. The tragedy resulted in the loss of 2,753 lives.