It is the 261st day of the year with only 104 days remaining.
53 - Roman Emperor Trajan is born.
1502 - Christopher Columbus lands at Costa Rica, on his fourth and final voyage.
1679 - New Hampshire becomes a county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1793 - The cornerstone of the Capitol building is laid by George Washington.
1837 - Tiffany and Company, is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City. The store is called a stationery and fancy goods emporium.
1850 - The United States Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.
1851 - The first publication of the New York Daily Times, which later renames itself as the New York Times.
1870 - Old Faithful Geyser is observed and named by Henry D. Washburn during the expedition to Yellowstone.
1906 - A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong, China.
1919 - Fritz Pollard becomes the first African-American to play professional football for a major team, the Akron Pros.
1944 - The British submarine, HMS Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru, killing 5,600 people.
1947 - The United States Air Force becomes an independent branch of the U.S. armed forces.
1947 - The National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency are established.
1964 - The North Vietnamese Army, begins the infiltrations of South Vietnam.
1977 - Voyager I takes the first photograph of the Earth and the Moon together.
Jimi Hendrix - American guitarist, widely considered to be the greatest electric guitarist in musical history, across a range of genres. He favored raw overdriven amplifiers with high gain and treble. He passes away at the age of 27 on this date in 1970. It is estimated that he took nine Vesparax sleeping pills and a deficient supply of oxygen to his body.