It is the 255th day of the year, with only 110 days remaining until the new year.
490 BC - The conventionally accepted date for the Battle of Marathon. The Athenians and their Plataean allies, defeat the first Persian invasion force of Greece.
1609 - Henry Hudson begins his exploration of the Hudson River while aboard the Halve Maen.
1857 - The SS Central America sinks about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship was carrying 13-15 tons of gold from the San Francisco Gold Rush.
1913 - Jesse Owens is born. He is an African-American athlete and winner of four gold medals in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.
1919 - Adolf Hitler joins the German Workers Party. Few people knew the consequences of what the future would hold.
1940 - Cave paintings are discovered in Lascaux, France.
1942 - U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces.
1943 - Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy, is rescued from house arrest on the Gran Sasso in Abruzzi, by German commando forces led by Otto Skorzeny.
1957 - Hans Zimmer is born. He is well known German film composer and music producer known for over 100 films including some critically claimed film scores.
1958 - Jack Kilby demonstrates the first integrated circuit.
1959 - It is the premiere of Bonanza, the first regularly-scheduled TV program presented in color.
1983 - A Wells Fargo depot in West Hartford, Connecticut is robbed of approximately $7 million by Los Macheteros.
1984 - Dwight Gooden sets the baseball record for strikeouts in a season by a rookie with 246. Gooden's 276 strikeouts that season, pitched in 218 innings, set the current record.
1992 - NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavour on STS-47 which marked the 50th shuttle mission. On board are Mae Carol Jemison, the first African-American woman in space, Mamoru Mohri, the first Japanese citizen to fly in a US spaceship, and Mark Lee and Jan Davis, the first married couple in space.
2003 - Johnny Cash passes away at the age of 71. He was an American singer-songwriter of country music and has been called one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century.
2005 - Hong Kong Disneyland opens in Penny's Bay Lantau Island. This showcases the global reach of the Walt Disney Corporation.