Today is the 65th day of the year, with exactly 300 days remaining until the new year.
1521 - Ferdinand Magellan arrives in Guam.
1788 - The First Fleet arrives at Norfolk Island in order to found a convict settlement.
1820 - The Missouri Compromise is signed into law by President James Monroe. The compromise allows Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, but makes the rest of the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase territory slavery-free.
1836 - After a thirteen-day siege by an army of 3,000 Mexican troops, the 187 Texas volunteers defending the Alamo are defeated and the fort is captured.
1857 - The Supreme Court rules in the Dred Scott Vs. Sanford case.
1869 - Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
1899 - Bayer registers aspirin as a trademark.
1946 - Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonmous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.
1951 - The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins.
1964 - Nation of Islam's Elijah Muhammad officially gives boxing champion Cassius Clay, the name Muhammad Ali.
1967 - Joseph Stalin's daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, defects to the United States.
1975 - For the first time ever, the Zapruder film of the assassination of John F. Kennedy, is shown in motion to a national TV audience b Robert J. Groden and Dick Gregory.
1981 - After 19 years of presenting the CBS Evening News, Walter Cronkite signs off for the last time.