Today is the 61st day of the year, with only 304 days remaining.
1797 - The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound banknotes.
1836 - Marks the declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexican control.
1867 - The U.S. Congress passes the first Reconstruction Act.
1933 - The film King Kong opens at New York's Radio City Music Hall.
1946 - Ho Chi Minh is elected the President of North Vietnam.
1949 - The first automatic street light is installed in New Milford, Connecticut.
1953 - The Academy Awards are first broadcast on television by NBC.
1956 - Morocco gains its independence from France.
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain sets the single-game scoring record in the National Basketball Association by scoring 100 points.
1965 - The US and South Vietnamese begin Operation Rolling Thunder, a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam.
1983 - Compact Disc players and discs are released for the first time in the United States and other markets.
1990 - Nelson Mandela is elected deputy President of the African National Congress.
1991 - The Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings an end to the Gulf War.