Today is the 83rd day of the year, with only 282 days remaining until the new year.
For many nations, this date is the last day of the year throughout many European implementations of the Julian calendar. It was the form of time used before the Gregorian calendar was accepted.
1603 - Tokugawa Ieyasu is granted the title of shogun from Emperor Go-Yozei, and establishes the Tokugawa Shogunate in Edo, Japan.
1765 - The Kingdom of Great Britain passes the Quartering Act that requires the Thirteen Colonies to house British troops.
1832 - In Hiram, Ohio, a group of men beat, tar, and feather Mormon leader Joseph Smith Jr.
1882 - Robert Koch announces the discovery of mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis.
1896 - A. A. Popov makes the first radio signal transmission in history.
1944 - In an event known as Ardeatine Massacre, German troops kill 335 Italian civilians in Rome.
1944 - Later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 prisoners begin breaking out of the real Stalag Luft III.
1958 - Rock and Roll idol Elvis Presley is drafted in the U.S. Army.
1989 - In Prince William Sound in Alaska, the Exxon Valdez spills 240,000 barrels of petroleum after running aground.