It is the 84th day of the year, with only 281 days remaining until the end of the year.
421 - According to legend, Venice is founded at twelve o'clock noon.
1199 - Richard I of England, known as Richard the Lionheart, is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France, leading to his death in a few weeks.
1306 - Robert the Bruce becomes the King of Scotland.
1584 - Sir Walter Raleigh is granted a patent to colonize Virginia.
1634 - The first settlers arrive in Maryland.
1807 - The Slave Trade Act becomes law, abolishing the slave trade in the British Empire.
1865 - In Virginia, Confederate forces temporarily capture Fort Stedman from the Union.
1948 - The first successful tornado forecast predicts that a tornado will strike Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma.
1949 - The extensive deportation campaign known as March deportation, is conducted in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania to force collectivisation by way of terror. The Soviet authorities deport more than 92,000 people from the Baltics to remote areas of the Soviet Union.
1957 - United States Customs seizes copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem "Howl" on the grounds of obscenity.
1965 - Civil rights activists led by Martin Luther King Jr., successfully complete their 4-day 50-mile march from Selma to Montgomery.
1971 - The South Vietnamese abandon an attempt to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail in Laos.
1992 - Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returns to Earth after a 10-month stay aboard the Mir space station.