Today is the 63rd day of the year, with only 302 days remaining until the new year.
1493 - Christopher Columbus arrives back in Lisbon, Portugal, aboard his ship the Nina, from his voyage to what is now the Bahamas and other islands in the Caribbean.
1519 - Hernan Cortes arrives in Mexico in search of the Aztec civilization and their vast wealth.
1628 - The Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a royal charter.
1681 - Charles II grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania.
1776 - The Continental Army fortifies Dorchester Heights with cannon, leading the British troops to abandon the Siege of Boston.
1789 - In New York City, the first Congress of the United States meets, putting the United States Constitution into effect.
1791 - Vermont is admitted to the U.S. as the 14th state.
1794 - The Eleventh Amendment to the Constitution is passed by Congress.
1797 - In the first ever peaceful transfer of power between elected leaders in modern times, John Adams is sworn in as the Second President.
1861 - The first national flag of the Confederate States of America, "The Stars and Bars" is adopted.
1917 - Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first female member of the United States House of Representatives.
1918 - The first case of Spanish flu occurs, the start of the devastating worldwide pandemic.
1933 - Frances Perkins becomes the Secretary of Labor, the first female member of the United States Cabinet.
1974 - People magazine is published for the first time.
1985 - The Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS, used since then for screening all blood donations in the U.S.