Saturday, March 31, 2012

31st of March

It is the 90th day of the year, with only 275 days remaining until the new year.

1492 - Queen Isabella of Castille issues the Alhambra decree, ordering her 150,000 Jewish subjects to convert to Christianity or face expulsion.

1774 - The Kingdom of Great Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed pursuant to the Boston Port Act.

1854 - Commodore Matthew Perry signs the Treaty of Kanagawa with the Japanese government, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade.

1889 - The Eiffel Tower is officially opened.

1906 - The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States, later the National Collegiate Athletic Association, is established to set rules for college sports in the United States.

1917 - The U.S. takes possession of the Danish West Indies after paying $25 million to Denmark, and renamed the territory the United States Virgin Islands.

1918 - Daylight savings time goes into effect in the United States for the first time.

1930 - The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion, and violence in film, in the U.S., for the next thirty eight years.

1933 - The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment.

1945 - A defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1, the world's first operational jet-powered aircraft, to the Americans, the first to fall into Allied hands.

1951 - Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.

1966 - The Soviet Union launches Luna 10 which later becomes the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.

1970 - Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit.

1979 - The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands.  Malta declares its Freedom Day, Jum il-Helsien.

1992 - The USS Missouri, the last active United States Navy battleship, is decommissioned in Long Beach, California.

1994 - The journal, Nature, reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull.

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