Today is the 127th day of the year, with only 238 days remaining until the new year.
1429 - Joan of Arc ends the Siege of Orleans, pulling an arrow from her own shoulder and returning, wounded, to lead the final charge. The victory marks a turning point in the Hundred Years' War.
1718 - The city of New Orleans is founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville.
1846 - The Cambridge Chronicle, America's oldest surviving weekly newspaper, is published for the first time in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1847 - The American Medical Association is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1915 - German submarine SM U-20 sinks RMS Lusitania, killing 1,198 people including 128 Americans. Public reaction turns many in the U.S. against the German Empire.
1945 - General Alfred Jodl signs unconditional surrender terms at Reims, France, ending Germany's participation in the war.
1946 - Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, later renamed Sony, is founded with around 20 employees.
1960 - Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that his nation is holding American U-2 pilot Gary Powers.
1992 - Michigan ratifies a 203-year-old proposed amendment to the Constitution,making the 27th Amendment law. This amendment bars Congress from giving itself a mid-term pay raise.
1998 - Mercedes-Benz buys Chrysler for $40 billion and forms DaimlerChrysler in the largest industrial merger in history.
2004 - American businessman Nick Berg is beheaded by Islamic militants. The act is recorded on videotape and released on the Internet. It was released from London to a Malaysian-hosted homepage by the Islamic organization known as al-Ansars.
2007 - Israeli archaeologists discover the tomb of Herod the Great, south of Jerusalem.