Today is the 143rd day of the year, with only 222 days remaining until the new year.
1430 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiegne.
1568 - The Netherlands declare their independence from Spain.
1701 - After being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London, England.
1829 - A patent is granted to Cyrill Demian in Vienna, Austria for the accordion.
1900 - Sergeant Willliam Harvey Carney becomes the first African-American to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for his heroism in the Assault on the Battery Wagner in 1863.
1934 - American bank robbers Bonnie And Clyde are ambushed by police and killed in Black Lake, Louisiana.
1945 - Heinrich Himmler, the head of the SS, commits suicide while in Allied custody.
1995 - The first version of the Java programming language is released.
2002 - The "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland.