Today is the 130th day of the year, with 234 days remaining.
1310 - In France, 54 members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake as heretics.
1502 - Christopher Columbus leaves for his fourth and final voyage to the West Indies.
1820 - Launch of HMS Beagle, the ship that took Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage.
1858 - Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd U.S. state.
1867 - Luxembourg gains its independence.
1910 - An act of Congress establishes Glacier National Park in Montana.
1924 - Mercedes-benz is formed by Gottlied Daimler and Karl Benz merging their two companies.
1945 - Off the coast of Okinawa, the aircraft carrier USS Bunker Hill, is hit by two kamikazes, killing 346 of her crew. The ship returns to the U.S. under her own power.
1973 - Citing government misconduct, Daniel Ellsberg has charges for his involvement in releasing the Pentagon Papers to The New York Times dismissed.
1987 - Klaus Barbie goes on trial in Lyon, for war crimes committed during the Second World War.
1987 - In Baltimore, Maryland, the first heart-lung transplant takes place. The surgery is performed by Dr. Bruce Reitz of the Stanford University School of Medicine.
1997 - Deep Blue, a chess-playing supercomputer, defeats Garry Kasparov in the last game of the rematch, becoming the first computer to beat a world-champion chess player in a classic match format.