It is the 145th day of the year, with only 220 days remaining until the end of the year.
1738 - A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conjocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
1895 - Playwright, poet, and novelist Oscar Wilde is convicted of "committing acts of gross indecency with other male persons" and sentenced to serve two years in prison.
1925 - John T. Scopes is indicted for teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
1935 - Jesse Owens of Ohio State University breaks three world records and ties a fourth at the Big Ten Conference Track and Field Championships in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
1953 - At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conduct their first and only nuclear artillery test.
1961 - President John F. Kennedy announces before a special joint session of Congress his goal to initiate a project to put a "man on the moon" before the end of the decade.
1977 - Star Wars is released in theaters, inspiring the Jediism religion and Geek Pride Day holiday.
1985 - Bangadesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge, which kills approximately 10,000 people.
2001 - 32-year-old Erik Weihenmayer, of Boulder, Colorado, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.