Today is the 123rd day of the year, with only 242 days remaining until the new year.
1715 - Edmund Halley's total solar eclipse, the last one visible in London, United Kingdom for almost 900 years.
1802 - Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city.
1877 - Labatt Park, the oldest continually operating baseball grounds in the world has its first game.
1915 - The famous poem, In Flanders Fields, is written by Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae.
1921 - West Virginia imposes the first state sales tax.
1933 - Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first woman to head the United States Mint.
1937 - Gone with the Wind, a novel by Margaret Mitchell, wins the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
1951 - The Kentucky Derby is televised for the first time.
1952 - Lieutenant Colonels Joseph O. Fletcher and William P. Benedict of the United States, land a plane at the North Pole.
1957 - Walter O'Malley, the owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers, agrees to move the team to Los Angeles, California.
1963 - The police force in Birmingham, Alabama switches tactics and responds with violent force to stop protestors. Images of the suppression are transmitted worldwide, bringing newfound attention to African-American Civil Rights Movement.
1978 - The first unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail, later known as spam, is sent by a Digital Equipment Corporation marketing representative to every ARPANET address on the west coast of the United States.