Today is the 138th day of the year, with only 227 days remaining.
1631 - In Dorchester, Massachusetts, John Winthrop takes the oath of office and becomes the first Governor of Massachusetts.
1652 - Rhode Island passes the first law in North America making slavery illegal.
1804 - Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed Emperor of the French by the French Senate.
1860 - Abraham Lincoln wins the Republican Party presidential nomination over William H. Seward, who later becomes the United States Secretary of State.
1896 - The Supreme Court rules in Plessy Vs. Ferguson that the "separate but equal" doctrine is constitutional.
1910 - The Earth passes through the tail of Halley's Comet.
1933 - President Franklin Rossevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.
1955 - Operation Passage to Freedom end, as the evacuation of 310,000 Vietnamese civilians, soldiers, and non-Vietnamese members of the French Army from communist North Vietnam to South Vietnam following the end of the First Indochina War.
1958 - An F-104 Starfighter sets a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph (2.259.82 km/h).