It is the 146th day of the year, with only 219 days remaining.
1293 - An earthquake strikes Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan killing about 30,000 people.
1637 - A combined Protestant and Mohegan force under English Captain John Mason attacks a Pequot village in Connecticut, massacring approximately 500 Native Americans.
1647 - Alse Young, hanged in Hartford, Connecticut, becomes the first person executed as a witch in the British American colonies.
1828 - Feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg.
1857 - Dred Scott is emancipated by the Blow family, his original owners.
1864 - Montana is organized a a United States territory.
1865 - Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of the Confederate Trans-Mississippi division, is the last general of the Confederate Army to surrender, at Galveston, Texas.
1868 - The impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson ends with him being found not guilty by one vote.
1896 - Nicholas II becomes Tsar of Russia.
1897 - Dracula, a novel by Irish author Bram Stoker is published.
1940 - In France, Allied forces begin a massive evacuation from Dunkirk, France because of the ensuing Battle of Dunkirk.
1948 - Congress passes Public Law 557, which permanently establishes the Civil Air Patrol as an auxiliary of the United States Air Force.
1998 - The Supreme Court rules that Ellis island, the historic gateway for millions of immigrants, is mainly in the state of New Jersey, not New York.
2004 - The United States Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.