Today is the 133rd day of the year, with only 232 days remaining until the end of the year.
1846 - The United States declares war on Mexico.
1861 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom issues a proclamation of neutrality which recognizes the breakaway states as having belligerent rights.
1865 - It is the end of the Battle of Palmito Ranch, in far south Texas, more than a month after Confederate General Robert E. Lee's surrender, the last land battle of the Civil War ends with a Confederate victory.
1880 - In Menlo Park, New Jersey, Thomas Edison performs the first test of his electric railway.
1939 - The first commercial FM radio station in the United States is launched in Bloomfield, Connecticut. The station later becomes WDRC-FM.
1940 - Germany's conquest of France begins as the German army crosses the Meuse. Winston Churchill makes his "blood, toil, tears, and sweat" speech to the House of Commons.
1958 - The trade mark Velcro is registered.
1960 - Hundreds of University of California, Berkeley students congregate for the first day of protest against a visit by the House Committee on Un-American Activities. 31 students are arrested, and the Free Speech Movement is born.
1994 - Johnny Carson makes his last television appearance on the Late Show with David Letterman.
2000 - In Enschede, Netherlands, a fireworks factory explodes, killing 22 people, wounding 950 and resulting in approximately 450 million Euros in damage.