It is the 118th day of the year and there are 247 days remaining.
1503 - The Battle of Cerignolad is fought. It is noted as the first battle in history won by small arms fire using gunpowder.
1788 - Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.
1930 - The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.
1932 - A vaccine for yellow fever is announced for use on humans.
1945 - Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci, are executed by a firing squad consisting of members of the Italian resistance movement.
1952 - Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Allied Commander of NATO.
1969 - Charles de Gaulle resigns as President of France.
1970 - Richard m. Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia.
1988 - Near Maui, Hawaii, flight attendant Clarabelle "C.B." Lansing, is blown out of Aloha Airlines Flight 243, a Boeing 737, and falls to her death when part of the plane's fuselage rips open in mid-flight.
1994 - Former CIA counter-intelligence officer and analyst Aldrich Ames, pleads guilty to giving U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and later Russia.
2001 - Millionaire Dennis Tito, becomes the world's first space tourist.