Thursday, April 12, 2012

12th of April

It is the 102nd day of the year, with only 263 days remaining until the end of the year.

1204 - The Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade breach the walls of Constantinople and enter the city, which they completely occupy the following day.

1606 - The Union Jack, the flag, is adopted as that of Great Britain.

1633 - The formal inquest of Galileo Galilei by the Inquisition begins.

1861 - The American Civil War begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.

1864 - The Andrews Raid, known as the Great Locomotive Chase occurred, starting from Big Shanty, Georgia.

1864 - Confederate forces kill most of the African-American soldiers that surrender at Fort Pillow, Tennessee.

1935 - It is the first flight of the Bristol Blenheim, British aircraft.

1937 - Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft, in Rugby, England.

1945 - President Franklin Roosevelt dies while in office, the vice-president Harry Truman is sworn in.

1954 - Baill Haley & His Comets record, "Rock Around the Clock" in New York City.

1955 - The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.

1961 - The Russian cosmonaut Yrui Gagarin becomes the first human to travel into outer space and perform the first manned orbital flight, in Vostok 3KA-2.

1981 - The first launch of a space shuttle takes place on STS-1 mission.

1990 - Jim Gary's Twentieth Century Dinosaurs exhibition opens at the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.

1999 - President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving "intentionally false statements" in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.

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