Friday, April 13, 2012

13th of April

It is the 103rd day of the year with only 262 days remaining.

1207 - Constantinople falls to the Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade, temporarily ending the Byzantine Empire.

1598 - Henry IV of France issues the Edict of Nantes, allowing freedom of religion to the Huguenots.

1796 - The first elephant ever seen in the United States arrives from India.

1861 - Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederate forces, after siege.

1902 - James C. Penney opens his first store in Kenmerer, Wyoming.

191 - Eugene V. Debs enters prison at Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in Georgia, for speaking out against the draft during the First World War.

1943 - The Jefferson Memorial is dedicated on the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson's birth.

1953 - CIA director Allen Dulles launches the mind-control program MKULTRA.

1964 - At the Academy Awards, Sidney Poitier becomes the first African-American male to win the Best Actor award for the 1963 film Lilies of the Field.

1970 - An oxygen tank aboard Apollo 13 explodes, putting the crew in great danger and causing major dmage to the spacecraft while en route to the moon.

1974 - Western Union in cooperation with NASA and Hughes Aircraft, launches the first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite, Westar 1.

1997 - Tiger Woods becomes the youngest golfer to win the Masters Tournament.

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