Today is exactly the 100th day of the year, with only 265 days remaining until the new year.
837 - Halley's Comet and Earth experienced their closest approach to one another when their separating distance equalled .0342 AU (3.2 million miles).
1606 - The Charter of the Virginia Company of London is established by royal charter by James I of England with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America.
1815 - The Mount Tambora volcano begins a three-month-long eruption, lasting until July 15. The eruption kills 71,000 people and affects Earth's climate for the next two years.
1858 - The original Big Ben, a 14.5 tonne bell for the Palace of Westminster is cast in Stockton-on-Tees by Warner's of Cripplegate. This however crack during testing and is recast into the 13.76 tonne bell by Whitechapel Bell Foundry and is still in use today.
1865 - A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addresses his troops for the last time.
1866 - The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the ASPCA, is founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.
1912 - The RMS Titantic leaves port in Southampton, England for her first and only voyage.
1916 - The Professional Golfer's Association of America, is created in New York City.
1925 - The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitsgerald, is first published in New York City, by Charles Scribner's Sons/
1944 - Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escape from the Birkenau death camp.
1953 - Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film from a major American studio, entitled House of Wax.
1972 - Seventy-four nations signs the Biological Weapons Convention, the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of biological weapons.