It is the 117th day of the year and only 248 days remaining.
1773 - The Parliament of Great Britain passes the Tea Act, designed to save the British East India Company, by granting it a monopoly on the North American tea trade.
1805 - U.S. Marines and Berbers attack the Tripolitan city of Derna during the First Barbary War.
1810 - Beethoven composes his famous piano piece, Fur Elise.
1865 - The steamboat Sultana, carrying nearly 2400 passengers, explodes and sinks in the Mississippi River, killing 1,700 men. Most are Union survivors of the Andersonville and Cahaba Prisons.
1936 - The United Auto Workers gains authority from the American Federation of Labor.
1945 - Benito Mussolini is arrested by Italian partisans in Dongo, while attempting to escape disguised as a German soldier.
1978 - Former aide to President Nixon, John D. Ehrlichman is released from an Arizona prison after serving 18 months for Watergate-related crimes.
1981 - Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse.
1987 - The Department of Justice bars the Austrian President Kurt Waldheim from entering the United States, saying he had aided in the deportation and execution of thousands of Jews and others as a German Army officer during World War II.
2005 - The superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse, France.
2006 - Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City.