Today is the 116th day of the year with only 249 days remaining.
1805 - During the First Barbary War, U.S. Marines capture Derne, Tripoli under the command of First Lieutenant Presley O'Bannon.
1865 - Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston surrenders his army to General William T. Sherman at the Bennett Place near Durham, North Carolina.
1865 - Union cavalry troopers corner and shoot dead John Wilkes Booth, assassin of President Lincoln, in a barn in Virginia.
1925 - Paul von Hindenburg defeats Wilhelm Marx in the second round of the German presidential election to become the first directly elected head of state of the Weimar Republic.
1933 - The Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, is established.
1942 - The Benxihu Colliery accident in Manchukuo leaves 1,549 Chinese miners dead.
1945 - Battle of Bautzen, the last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht, occurs.
1954 - The Geneva Conference, an effort to restore peace in Indochina and Korea, begins.
1965 - A Rolling Stones concert in London, Ontario, is shut down by police after 15 minutes due to rioting.
1981 - Dr. Michael R. Harrison of the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, performs the world's first human open fetal surgery.
1986 - A nuclear reactor accident occurs at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the Soviet Union, creating the world's worst nuclear disaster.