It is the 114th day of the year, with only 251 days remaining until the end of the year.
1479 BC - Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shirts to Hatsheput.
1800 AD - The United States Library of Congress is established when President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 to purchase "such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress."
1862 - A flotilla commanded by Union Admiral David Farragut passes two Confederate forts on the Mississippi River on it way to capture New Orleans, Louisiana.
1898 - The United States declares war on Spain.
1907 - Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened.
1916 - Ernest hackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organize a rescue for the ice-trapped ship Endurance.
1918 - It is the first tank-to-tank combat at Villers-Brtonneux, France, when three British Mark IVs met three German A7Vs.
1953 - Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
1967 - Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov dies in Soyuz ! when its parachute fails to open. He is the first human to die during a space mission.
1990 - The Hubble Space Telescope is launched from the Space Shuttle Discovery in mission STS-31.
2005 - Snuppy, the world's first cloned dog, is born in South Korea.