Today is the 115th day of the year, with only 250 days remaining.
1792 - Highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier becomes the first person to be executed by guillotine.
1847 - The last survivors of the Donner Party are out of the wilderness.
1859 - British and French engineers break ground for the Suez Canal.
1861 - The Union Army arrives in Washington, D.C.
1862 - Forces under Admiral David Farragut demand the surrender of the Confederate city of New Orleans, Louisiana.
1901 - New York becomes the first U.S. state to require automobile license plates.
1939 - DC Comics publishes its second major superhero in Detective Comics #27, he is Batman, one of the most popular comic book superheroes of all time.
1945 - United States and Soviet troops meet in Torgau along the River Elbe, cutting the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany in two, a milestone in the approaching end of World War II.
1953 - Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish Molecular structure of nucleic acid: a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid, describing the double helix structure of DNA.
1959 - The St. Lawrence Seaway, linking the North American Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean, officially opens to shipping.
1960 - The U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton completes the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe.
1961 - Robert Noyce is granted a patent for an integrated circuit.
1972 - The North Vietnamese 320th Division, forces 5,000 South Vietnamese troops to retreat and traps about 2,500 others northwest of Kontum.
1988 - In Israel, John Demjanuk, is sentenced to death for war crimes committed in World War II.
2007 - Boris Yeltsin's funeral, the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.