Today is the 219th day of the year with 146 days that are remaining.
The Northern Hemisphere is considered to be halfway through its summer and the Southern Hemisphere halfway through its winter on this day.
1782 - George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.
1789 - The United States War Department is established.
1942 - The Battle of Guadalcanal begins as United States initiate the first American offensive of the war with landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.
1955 - Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, sells its first transistor radios in Japan.
1964 - The United States Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving Lyndon Johnson broad war powers to deal with the North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.
1974 - Philippe Petit performs a high wire act between the twin towers of the World Trade Center. He is approximately 1,368 feet (417 m) in the air.
1965 - South African actress, Charlize Theron is born.
2007 - Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants, breaks baseball great Hank Aaron's record by hitting his 756th home run.