Tuesday, August 16, 2011

16th of August

Today is the 228th day of the year with 137 days remaining.

1777 - The Americans led by General John Stark rout British and Brunswick troops under Friedrich Baum at the Battle of Bennington in Walloomsac, New York.

1780 - The British defeat the Americans in South Carolina at the Battle of Camden.

1812 - American General William Hull surrenders Fort Detroit without a fight to the British Army during the War of 1812.

1841 - U.S. President John Tyler vetoes a bill which called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States.  Enraged Whig Party members riot outside the White House in the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history.

1858 - U.S. President James Buchanan inaugurates the new transatlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

1868 - Arica, Peru, now in Chile, is devastated by a tsunami that follows an earthquake off the coast.  Both events kills and estimated 25,000 people in Arica and most likely 45,000 others.

1896 - Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack, and Dawson Charlie discover gold in a tributary of the Klondike River in Canada, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush.

1914 - The Battle of Cer during the War to End All Wars begins.

1920 - Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit on the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day.  To date, Chapman is only the second lpayer to die from injuries sustained in a Major League Baseball game.

1920 - American poet Charles Bukowski is born.

1930 - The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks.

1938 - American blues musician, Robert Johnson dies at the age of 27.  A story surrounds his death that he drank from an open bottle of whiskey that was offered to him, and supposedly was poisoned.  He began to feel ill and over the next three days steadily worsened, and that he died in a convulsive state of severe pain.

1940 - The Communist Party is banned in German-occupied Norway during the Second World War.

1942 - The two-person crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappears without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean.  The blimp drifts without her crew and crash-lands in Daly City, California.

1944 - The first flight of the Junkers Ju 287 occurs.

1948 - George Herman "Babe" Ruth, American baseball legend, passes away at the age of 53. 

1954 - The first edition of the magazine Sports Illustrated is published.

1956 - Bela Lugosi, the Hungarian Jewish actor famous for playing Count Dracula, dies at the age of 73.

1960 - Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom.

1960 - Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at 102, 800 feet (31,300 m).  He sets three records that stand today, high-altitude jump, free-fall, and highest speed by a human without an aircraft.

1964 - A coup d'etat replaces Duong Van Minh with General Nguyen Kanh as President of South Vietnam.  A new constitution is established with aid from the United States Embassy.

1966 - The House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of Americans who have aided the Viet Cong.  The committee intends to introduce legislation making these activities illegal.  Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and 50 people are arrested.
1989 - A solar flare from the Sun, creates a geomagnetic storm that affects micro chips, leading to a halt of all trading on Toronto's stock market.

Elvis Presley - King of Rock and Roll dies in 1977 at the age of 42.  He suffered from many ailments including glaucoma, high blood pressure, liver damage, and an enlarged colon.  Presley was supposed to fly out of Memphis that evening to begin another tour, but was found unresponsive on his bathroom floor.  Attempts to revive him failed and he was pronounced dead at 3:30 PM.  His funeral was held at his Graceland home, with approximately 80,000 people lining the processional route.

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